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Brew Your Own Beer: American Pale Ale

20 Apr, 2016
Brew Your Own Beer: American Pale Ale
Brewing beer has been a popular hobby among humans for thousands of years. In most cultures, curiosity stemmed from people experimenting with fermenting rice, grain, wheat and barley. The oldest evidence for barley beer is believed to have been found in Mesopotamia about 6,000 years ago on a Sumerian tablet. They have been recognized for their poem titled “Hymn to Ninkasi”, giving praises to the goddess of brewing and detailing a popular barley beer recipe.1 For those of you who are intrigued by the art of brewing, don’t be intimidated by the process. Your first, second and even third batch will be filled with trials and errors. But once you figure out what works and what tastes good, you’ll be well on your way to being the beer connoisseur of your neighborhood. The first question you need to ask yourself is: what style of craft beer do you want to brew? brew your own beerPopular Craft Beer Styles IPA (Indian Pale Ale) – extra hops, strong and bitter Double IPA – double or triple the hops Seasonal – Stouts, Porters, Blonde ales, Hefeweizens, English Pale Ales, Bavarian Weisse, etc. Pale Ale – more equal malt-to-hop balance Amber Ale – amber to deep red color, greater malt emphasis of caramel and other malt flavors Today, we will be giving you instructions on how to brew an American Pale Ale. INGREDIENTS 6 pounds Pale Malt Extract ½ pound Crystal 10L Malt ½ pound Carapils  (dextrine malt) 2 oz. Perle hops (pellet) 2 oz. Cascade hops  (pellet) Safale US-05  (Yeast) EQUIPMENT Large Boil Kettle Siphon Tube 1 Step or C-Brite (sanitizing solution) Fermenting Bucket Thermometer Bucket lid Hose Racking Cane Airlock

Brewing Directions

Prepping & Creating the Wort (Unfermented Beer)

It is important that your grains husks are broken apart. If they aren’t, use a rolling pin to crush them. Once you are finished, pour the grains into a muslin bag and close.
  • Add 2 ½ gallons of water into a large pot
  • Add grain bag and bring water to a near boil
  • Next, turn off the heat and let the grains steep for 10 minutes.
  • Remove grain bag and place in a strainer over the pot. Pour 4 cups of hot water over the grains and then throw away.
  • Add all of the pale malt extract to the pot and stir till completely dissolved

Boiling the Wort

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  • Bring wort back to a boil.
  • Add 1 oz. of Perle hops and boil for 30 minutes
  • Add another ounce of Perle hops and boil for 30 minutes
  • Add 2 oz. Cascade hops and boil for 2 minutes
  • Remove pot from heat and cool for 20 minutes
To cool the wort, fill a tub or sink with 6 inches of ice water and let the pot cool for an additional 10 minutes. This step is very important since the additional heat will kill the yeast.

How to Prevent "Chill Haze"

4569957650_4061d240df_bCold break, or the lack of it, is called Chill Haze. When a beer is chilled for drinking, these proteins partially precipitate forming a haze. As the beer warms up, the proteins re-dissolve. Only by rapid chilling from near-boiling to room temp will the Cold Break proteins permanently precipitate and not cause Chill Haze. You cannot taste the effects of Chill Haze, it is more of a cosmetic problem. Hazy beer also tends to become stale sooner than non-hazy beer. 2

Rehydrate Yeast

  • Heat ½ cup of water to exactly 100F
  • Sprinkle dry yeast on top of water
  • Cover and set aside
Note: Liquid yeast will need to be prepped 3 hours before home brewing When brewing, it is very important to sanitize all of your equipment before using. Any contamination to the beer by bacteria will result in your beer tasting different. Most brewers will use their fermenting bucket to sanitize their thermometer, bucket lid, hose racking cane and airlock. We recommend using 1 Step or C-Brite. Leave in the solution for at least 10 minutes. Don’t rinse the bucket, the solution won’t ruin the beer. Siphon Your Beer

Transferring Your Wort

  • During this step, gravity will be your best friend while transferring the wort to your fermenting bucket. This process will ensure no contamination of your batch.
  • Place the pot on a high surface, preferably a counter
  • Place the racking cane in the pot
  • With the hose, plug one end and fill the other end with water. Attach the hose to the racking cane.
  • To siphon, release your finger from the hose and let the wort flow down into the fermenting bucket.
After the wort has been completely siphoned, pour cold water a few feet above the fermenting bucket till it reaches the 4 ½ gallon mark. This will help introduce oxygen to the wort (healthy fermenting). After adding the yeast, everything needs to be airtight. This will prevent oxygen and other bacteria contaminating the wort.

Ferment Beer At HomeAdd Yeast

  • You will notice that the yeast starter will be bubbly on the surface. Add yeast to fermenting bucket, secure the lid and insert the rubber stopper.
  • Fill the airlock with sanitized water (the airlock will allow CO2 to escape)
  • Insert the floater and cap it

Fermenting

Move fermenting bucket to an area where the temp is between 65 – 70F. You will know that the fermenting process has begun when it begins to bubble 12 to 24 hours after sealing the bucket. For this specific recipe, leave undisturbed for 2-3 weeks. You will read that some people like to bottle their beer directly after fermenting for a few days. For the best results, we recommend not bottling your beer for a few weeks. If you want to taste the difference, bottle a 6 pack before sealing the fermenting bucket.  

What are some of your favorite homebrewed beer recipes?

References 1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_beer 2 https://howtobrew.com/book/section-1/boiling-and-cooling/cooling-the-wort Recipe Credit: https://www.seattletimes.com/life/food-drink/homebrew-american-pale-ale-recipe-cascade-perle-sierra-nevada/

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